The Christmas decorations are almost put away. It’s time to sharpen the garden tools and prepare the garden soil for Spring planting.
Are you ready for your annual to-do list?
Add organic material and compost to garden areas. Have mulch available to add to the new planting. Be prepared to cover the new plants, if a freeze is in the forecast.
Transplant established shrubs, trees and roses during the dormant season.
Bare-root fruit and nut trees will be arriving in the nurseries. Trust your nursery person for the correct species for our part of the Hill Country. Some species need a second tree to produce. Plant peach, plum, pear, pecan, apple, persimmon, fig, grape, and blackberry. Lists for Blanco County are available in the County Extension office in Johnson City. They are always glad to help.
Transplant annual flowering plants including pansies, snapdragons, flowering cabbage and kale, petunias, dianthaus stock, sweet alyssum, and cyclman.
Seed sweet peas, nasturiums and larkspur in flower beds. Seed spring and summer annuals in a warm spot or cold frame, to be transplanted later. Seed spinach, greens, collards, onion, lettuce and snap peas by the middle of January.
Prune: January and February are the best months to prune fruit, ornamental trees and shrubs. Prune back salvia, lantana, tecoma stans, plus annuals and perinnials that are damaged or frozen down. Cut back as far as the plants are dead plus broken and criss-crossed branches for a better appearance. Spring blooming trees, shrubs and roses should be pruned after blooming. (eg Indian hawthorne, mountain laural, climbing roses) Crape myrtles should not be topped or pruned to limit their growth. Transplant them to another location.