Things to do in July:
1. Raise mower height. Mow St. Augustine at 2-3 inches, and Bermuda, Buffalo, and Zoysia grass at 1-2 inches.
2. Several weeks before planting fall vegetables, place compost in the planting area, making hills, and let it sit before planting. Water them each time you think of it. Add one large tablespoon of cottonseed meal to each planting hill when transplanting fall vegetables or flowers. Continue watering as needed on a regular basis.
3. Pecan trees - Apply an approved fungicide and insecticide on pecan trees to help prevent foliage damage.
4. In early July, plant sweet corn, okra, beans, sweet potatoes, squash, black-eyed peas, crowder peas, watermelon, and cantaloupe. Transplant tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant. Tomato transplants have to be planted by August 1. Look for Sunpride and Surefire.
5. Plant summer color - Bougainvillea, lantana, zinnia, mandevillas, salvia, allamanda, hibiscus, periwinkle, portulaca, purslane, copper plant, candlestick plant, penta, tecoma stans, marigold, plus many others.
6. Cut back perennials one-third. Continue to feed and water; this creates more blooms. Continue to pinch the tops of mums and asters until the end of July.
7. Plant new sod and keep it wet until it is rooted. Roll the new sod for good soil and root contact. Don’t fertilize at this time. It was fertilized before cutting for sale.
8. Watch for spider mites, white fly, web worms, tent caterpillars, aphids, and grasshoppers. Check St. Augustine for chinch bugs, dry brown spots in the hottest areas, usually near sidewalks and driveways. Check with your nursery for proper insecticides.
Tip: Add a sponge or clay saucer, placed in the soil in the bottom of the basket when planting. It will act as a reservoir and get your pots through the hottest days without wilting.