It’s time to plant annual ryegrass and overseed established warm-season grass with perennial rye. Don’t overseed St. Augustine that is in the shade; it may be too much competition for the lawn in the spring.
Fertilize cool-season grasses, such as rye grass and fescue; use a high-nitrogen fertilizer, about 1.2 strength if you are fertilizing overseeded warm-season grass.
Continue to feed pansies, snapdragons, violas, and other fall flowers every two weeks with a balanced plant food (20-20-20).
You should have your lawn fertilized for winter by this time. If not, use an organic like Hasta Gro lawn food or Medina granules of Lady Bug fertilizer. They can be put on the lawn anytime. This is the month to plant jonquils, daffodils, and narcissis. Tulips and hyacinths must be chilled before planting during the last part of December.
Plant pansies, snapdragons, and other cool weather flowers. You may have to remove some of the summer bloomers to do this, but they need to get a good root system before winter.
Continue to divide spring-flowering perennials. Bougainvillea and hibiscus may be too large to place inside without being cut back. Don’t forget to water and feed the plants once you move them inside.
Before putting your tools away for the winter–lawn mower, weedeater, etc–remove the old gas by running them dry; clean and oil them. This is a good time to replace worn-out equipment while the stores are having sales; if they need repairing, do it now before the spring rush.